Scottish Archive Network Research Tools - resources to help you with your research

Back to Research Tools
List of Patients, Smallpox Hospital, Mounthooly
Pitsligo School Log Book 1874-1912
Lieutenancy Book, County of Roxburgh, 1797-1802
Memoirs of James Smith, Stonemason, Dundee
Wick Harbour Trust Minute Book, 1880-1886
Kilsyth Heritors' Minutes 1813-1844
Description of the Isles of Orkney, 1684
Minute Book, Perthshire Highway Commisioners
Notes on 'Old Rock' Shetland, c. 1889-90
Cess Book, County of Lanarkshire, 1724-1725
Stirling Town Council Minutes 11847-64
  Lieutenancy Book, County of Roxburgh, 1797-1802 (R/LR/1/1)
Scottish Borders Archive & Local History Centre

Lieutenancy - Introduction
Permanent lieutenancies were established in 1794 by a royal warrant which ordered the development of volunteer forces for the defence of Scotland. They were county based and led by a lord lieutenant who was appointed by the monarch. The lord lieutenant in turn appointed deputies. The duties of lieutenants included provision for the protection of their counties in the event of invasion, threat or civil uprising. They directed volunteer forces and, after the 1797 Militia Act (37 Geo. III, c.103), were empowered to raise militia forces.
>> View this Act

(NB these images are large and may take a while to download)
After 1802 only a landholder who held or was heir to property worth £400 Scots was eligible to serve in the lieutenancy. The lord lieutenant was ex officio a member of the police committee and the local authority under the Contagious Diseases (Animals) Acts but the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict., c.50) abolished these functions. The role of lieutenancies gradually became largely ceremonial, but they continued to recommend justices of the peace with the help of an advisory committee.

This volume from Scottish Borders Archive & Local History Centre, includes a list of men, organised by parish, who were ballotted to serve in the militia between 1797-1802 in Roxburghshire. After the 1797 Militia Act, lieutenants were empowered to raise militia forces in their own county. This move was a source of great dissatisfaction and in Ann E Whetstone's book Scottish County Government in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (Edinburgh 1981) it states, "Wholesale rioting in the Lowlands greeted the initial attempts to enroll men in the militia lists in August and September 1797...The men chosen to draw up the lists were regularly threatened, and their lists destroyed. Deputy Lieutenants were often surrounded by armed men and forced to sign oaths that they would not assist in carrying out the act".

Page 4 of this volume reinforces this. In the minutes of a general meeting held in Jedburgh on 6 September 1797, it states, "His Grace the Lord Lieutenant stated to the meeting that in many parishes in the county a number of people probaby imposed upon by false Representations, had assembled in a violent and seditious manner and by Force or Threats got possession of the lists made up by the Schoolmaster, in consequence of the orders issued to them by the General Meeting...It therefore becomes necessary for this meeting to form immediat resolutions in order to carry the Act in effectual Execution as Speedily as possible".


There are 269 pages in total in this volume which is arranged by year and then, in most cases, by parish. It combines minutes from meetings of the County of Roxburgh Lord and Deputy Lieutenants with lists of men balloted from individual parishes. The following key allows you to select the list for a specific parish and year. Please note that this is not comprehensive as you will find miscellaneous list of absentees and proposed substitutes for men included in the original lists and also in the minutes. For a comprehensive look at the volume, you are advised to start with page 1 and then page through the whole volume. Please note that these images are large (between 150k and 220k) and could take some considerable time to download depending on the speed of your Internet connection.

Parish Name
1798 (1)
1798 (2)
1799 (1)
1799 (2)
Lassudden (later Saint Boswells)
Stichill & Home