includes hundreds of islands. Over one hundred are inhabited now
and many more have been inhabited in the past. The map below shows
the main island groups in Scotland: Shetland, Orkney, the Outer
Hebrides, the Inner Hebrides, and the Isles of Bute. Most
Scottish offshore islands belong to one of these groups, but there
are dozens more islands near the coast, in major rivers (such as
the Forth, Clyde and Tay), in sea-lochs and in inland lochs.
Map of the five main Scottish island groups
Because many historical records are arranged by parish and county,
anyone researching a Scottish island needs to find out the parish
and county an island belonged to prior to 1975. The SCAN Gazetteer
contains information on over 400 islands, which are inhabited now
or have been in the past, and includes many island name variations.
To enter this click
General Register Office for Scotland, Index
of Scottish Place Names (HMSO, 1975) is now out of print, but
has been replaced by Index of Scottish Place Names (HMSO,
1982). Francis H Groome, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland (Edinburgh,
1885 and 1896 editions). The fullest geographical and historical
guide to offshore islands is Hamish Haswell-Smith, The
Scottish Islands (Edinburgh, 1999).
To find out where an island is and which
parish and county it belonged to, enter the Gazetteer by clicking here.
To find information about lighthouses go
to the Knowledge Base entry on lighhouses by clicking