School education prior to 1873
Prior to 1873 primary and secondary education
was provided principally by the Church of Scotland, other religious
denominations and charitable organizations. In many Scottish towns,
burgh schools were operated by burgh councils. Many families, who
could afford to do so, paid for the services of private tutors.
Records created by schools themselves for this period are very few,
but details of their administration can often be extracted from
the minute books of bodies which ran or supervised them, such as
kirk sessions, presbyteries and burgh councils. Family papers may
include records relating to private schooling (both at fee paying
schools and by private tutor within the home).