Mounthooly smallpox hospital list of patients, 1872
- 1875 Mounthooly smallpox hospital was a temporary
hospital, opened to deal with the smallpox epidemics
that afflicted Aberdeen in the early 1870s. As the
managers of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary could not provide
accommodation for the number of inhabitants infected
with the disease in December 1871, responsibility
fell to Aberdeen Town Council as the local authority
under the Public Health (Scotland) Act 1867. The
Town Council opened the hospital in January 1872 in
adapted premises at Mounthooly formerly occupied by
the Bon-Accord Chemical Light Company. The hospital
was placed under the management of the Medical Officer
of Health and initially employed 14 members of staff.
The hospital remained
in use only during epidemics: from January to August
1872, April to October 1874, and December 1874 to
16 June 1875. By the outbreak of the next smallpox
epidemic in July 1877 a permanent hospital for infectious
diseases, later known as the City Hospital, had been
erected by the Town Council. The temporary hospital
buildings at Mounthooly were sold off in 1882.
The register is primarily
of interest to those pursuing family history. It
provides details of the four hundred inhabitants admitted
to the hospital during in the epidemics, including
whether or not the patient died. As the register
also notes the occupation and place of residence of
each patient, it can also be used to trace the progress
of the disease through families in the crowded courts
of Victorian Aberdeen, the status of those affected
and the level of mortality in each outbreak.
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