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Working Conditions
photograph of miners (Falkirk Museums and SCRAN)

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As with many workers in the 1830s miners worked long hours.

Some of the information in the jobs section gives you an idea of how long. Wages were also fairly low, and mining itself was not a job many people wanted to do. As the nineteenth century went on, the length of time worked and the wages received did improve. Sources 3A and 3B show us some of the terms on which miners were employed.

There are two sources to study in this section.

Source 3A
Poster - Donibristle Colliery
Click to view Source 3A
Source 3A is a poster outlining the conditions for workers at Donibristle Colliery in the 19th century.

Click to enlarge the images, then answer the following question.

  1. How many days a week was each pitman expected to work?

  2. Who was responsible for the upkeep of the house?

  3. How useful is Source C1 for investigating the hours and wages of miners in the nineteenth century?
Source 3B
Notice - Rules and Regulations
Click to view Source 3B
Source 3B is a notice of the Rules and Regulations for Grange colliery from March 1847.

Click to enlarge the image, then answer the following question.

  1. How many days a fortnight was a miner expected to work?

  2. In what way does section 3 of this source agree with section V of Source C1?

  3. How did supervisors expect miners to behave towards them?
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